Leipzig, Germany’s Festival of Lights: Candlelight, Feminism and Remembrance

Thousands of candles illuminate the Festival of Lights. Photo by Richard Varr

On this year’s 29th anniversary of Leipzig’s Peaceful Revolution, the wind is gentle; the feeling, however, powerful and poignant. In my mind, it’s not so much a festival, but instead a remembrance of a bold and courageous stand for the basic freedoms we take for granted today. Thousands hold candles as the more than 70,000 protesters did in 1989 in what was a defiant stand for human rights.

Crowds in Augustusplatz gather for the Festival of Lights. Photo by Richard Varr

Leipzig’s Festival of Lights is an annual event commemorating the city’s October 9, 1989 Peaceful Revolution when Communism began to crumble into history. I was invited by Leipzig Tourism to participate in the festival and write about this year’s anniversary of the historic event. My guest blog is now posted on the Tourist Office’s website.


I’ll be adding my own posts from my trip this month on this blog in the days ahead!

An all women orchestra and actresses perform in remembrance of the Peaceful Revolution. Photo by Richard Varr


What Not to Miss in Irving, Texas

The Mustangs of Las Colinas. Photo by Richard Varr

Gondola ride on Lake Carolyn. Photo by Richard Varr

I’ve visited the Dallas/Fort Worth metroplex many times over the years, but never spent time in Irving, a city just northwest of Dallas. During my visit in late May, I found Irving has several notable sights well worth checking out!

The Ruth Paine House. Photo by Richard Varr

The Ruth Paine House Museum – In the Footsteps of an Assassin

It looks like a simple middle class house with a front lawn and garage. But this house in Irving played an important role in the grim history of President John F. Kennedy’s assassination. It’s where Lee Harvey Oswald stayed the night before shooting Kennedy in 1963. Oswald would visit the home often because his wife Marina was staying there with her children while he was living and working in Dallas at the Texas School Book Depository. In fact, Oswald at one point hid the gun he used to kill Kennedy in the home’s garage.

Actor projection in the Ruth Paine House. Photo by Richard Varr

The house has been recently restored to the way it looked in 1963. In addition to the period refrigerator, washer, sofa, television and other items, multi-media hologram-like projections showcase actors playing the roles of Oswald and Marina as well as homeowner Ruth Paine and her husband repeating scripts according to what was found in historical records.

Inside the Ruth Paine House. Photo by Richard Varr

Visitors first spend time in a small museum showcasing photos, interviews with Ruth Paine, and mostly black and white videos of Kennedy’s Dallas visit looped through 1960s-era TVs. They are then driven to the nearby Paine House for a tour.

Ruth Paine House museum exhibit. Photo by Richard Varr

What to See and Do in Irving

The Mustangs of Las Colinas. Photo by Richard Varr

The Mustangs of Las Colinas exudes the free and wild Texas plains spirit in the heart of the city. Sculptures of nine galloping mustang horses stand over a man-made fountain/stream surrounded by office towers within Williams Square Plaza. A museum in the East Tower highlights sculptor Robert Glen, an African wildlife artist, and what inspired him to create the sculptures.

The Mustangs of Las Colinas. Photo by Richard Varr

Railroad depot in Heritage Park, downtown Irving. Photo by Richard Varr

Inside the Big State Fountain Grill, downtown Irving. Photo by Richard Varr

I also attended a concert at The Pavilion, an indoor/outdoor music venue on the grounds of Irving’s Toyota Music Factory, a complex with several other music venues, shops and restaurants. Key to what makes The Pavilion unique is its retractable rear walls that in good weather open to a grassy area on a hill, where concert goers can sit on blankets.

Concert at The Pavilion. Photo by Richard Varr

High-rises along Lake Carolyn. Photo by Richard Varr

In addition to the hills and treed streets of Las Colinas, an Irving neighborhood, there’s also the scenic waterfront of Lake Carolyn. Canals weave in and around apartments and other high rise buildings and lead out to the lake’s two distinct bodies of water. It’s also where you can ride “trikes” (aqua-cycles with pedals that sit high above the water) and where you can try your luck on stand-up paddle boards. One highlight was my evening ride on a Venetian-style gondola – a sunset ride with cooling breezes, and a simply delightful way to cap off the day, especially in the hot summer months.

Art on Flag Pole Hill park, Las Colinas. Photo by Richard Varr

Founders’ Plaza by DFW Airport. Photo by Richard Varr

Founders’ Plaza by DFW Airport. Photo by Richard Varr

Irving sits next to sprawling DFW airport, with most sights only a 10 or 15-minute car ride away. Adjacent to the airport sits Founders’ Plaza, an observation area to see roaring jets taking off and landing. Historical plaques pay tribute to traveling military veterans, and the area has picnic tables, telescopes, monuments and actual communications from the air traffic control tower broadcast through loudspeakers.

Lobby of the Four Seasons Dallas at Las Colinas. Photo by Richard Varr

The Four Seasons Dallas at Las Colinas

Often referred to as Texas’ first urban resort, staying at this Four Seasons property was like visiting a country club. It’s a fabulous hotel/resort that lives up to the chain’s luxurious reputation with welcoming staff, fine restaurants, a full service spa and simply outstanding facilities all around.

Pool at the Four Seasons Dallas at Las Colinas. Photo by Richard Varr

In particular, the Four Seasons Dallas at Las Colinas offers a resort vacation with a large tennis and sports club, pool and an 18-hole, par-70 golf course where the AT&T Byron Nelson Golf Tournament was held from 1983-2017. Located between Dallas and Fort Worth, it’s particularly popular as a staycation destination for locals, for a Dallas area vacation for visitors, and as a convenient stopover hotel for passengers flying in and out of DFW Airport.


Byron Nelson statue at the Four Seasons. Photo by Richard Varr



Jamestown Settlement Museum and Historic Jamestowne

John Smith statue at Historic Jamestowne settlement archeological site. Photo by Richard Varr

Virginia’s Historic Triangle brings history to life through excellent museums and open air, living history on or near the sights of Jamestown, Yorktown and Colonial Williamsburg. During my April trip, I toured the very grounds where Captain John Smith and colonists established the first English settlement in the New World at Jamestown in 1607. Rugged wooden ramparts on the Yorktown Battlefield clearly mark where General George Washington’s Continental Army and the French navy surrounded the British to end the American Revolution. And I walked in the footsteps of Washington and Thomas Jefferson in Colonial Williamsburg, once Virginia’s capital.

Living history Powhatan Indian village at the Jamestown Settlement museum. Photo by Richard Varr

Jamestown Settlement and the recently opened American Revolution Museum at Yorktown, both operated by the state-funded Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, and Colonial Williamsburg highlight these key historic periods with artifacts, interactive digital technology and outdoor living history exhibits manned by costumed interpreters.

Susan Constant replica on the James River. Photo by Richard Varr

Jamestown Settlement Museum and Historic Jamestowne

Three 17th century wooden ships sit berthed along a quiet cove on the James River. Actually, they’re fully operation replicas – with rope ladders, sails and creaking wooden floors – of the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery, the three ships that brought the first English Settlers to Jamestown. Small and even a touch claustrophobic once you descend into the lower decks, the ships offer a glimpse of the hardships endured during the four and a half months by the 144 colonists who dared to cross the Atlantic.

Godspeed and Discovery replicas. Photo by Richard Varr

Below deck on the Susan Constant. Photo by Richard Varr

“Crowded, cramped, boring and relatively miserable,” says Lara Templin, the Assistant Interpretive Site Manager at Jamestown Settlement, a living history museum detailing England’s first permanent settlement in North America. “You’re eating pickles, salt pork, salt fish, dry bread, hard biscuits. And the water turned green and smelled so foul that no man could abide it. So they drank beer because that’s what would last.”

Replica bow of the Susan Constant inside the Jamestown Settlement Museum. Photo by Richard Varr

With 900 or so original 16th and 17 century artifacts including portraits, muskets, tools, furniture and more, Jamestown Settlement’s main museum building highlights the early colony’s complete history through the entire 17th century – from the 1606-1607 voyage, confrontations with local Powhatan Indian tribes, Virginia’s first Africans and the burgeoning tobacco trade. There’s a replica 17th century London street and reconstruction to scale of the Susan Constant’s bow. “The illusion is you’re coming down a London street toward the docks and the ship is being loaded,” says Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation’s Senior Curator Tom Davidson.

Pocahontas statue in the Jamestown Settlement museum. Photo by Richard Varr

Another exhibit explores the life and legend of Pocahontas. “She’s the one 17th century Virginian everyone knows,” explains Davidson. “Pocahontas was the linking personality between the English and the Powhatan and becomes a kind of cultural emissary between the two peoples.”

Musket firing demonstration at the James at the replica of Fort. Photo by Richard Varr

Outside the museum building are recreations of the colonists’ fort with an Anglican church, Governor’s House and other buildings, and of a Powhatan Indian village with huts recreated with water reeds weaved into mats and secured on a framework of sapling branches.

Powhatan village recreation. Photo by Richard Varr

James Fort recreation with cannon. Photo by Richard Varr

Historic Interpreter inside James Fort replica. Photo by Richard Varr

Just a five minute drive away is Historic Jamestowne, part of Colonial National Historical Park and the actual James Fort settlement site. Excavations on the grounds reveal signs of an often brutal and grisly quest to survive harsh winters and starvation, especially when surrounded by hostile Indians, with archeologists locating many graves and evidence of cannibalism.

Archeological within Historic Jamestowne. Photo by Richard Varr

A statue of John Smith stands over the grounds adjacent to the outline of the church where Pocahontas, daughter of the Indian chief Powhatan, married planter John Rolfe in 1614.

Church perimeter where Pocahontas was married in 1614. Photo by Richard Varr





The American Revolution Museum and the Yorktown Battlefield

George Washington in the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown. Photo by Richard Varr

Cooking pit outside the American Revolution Museum. Photo by Richard Varr

Tents, cooking pits and surgeons’ quarters offer visitors to the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown a realistic look of what a typical Continental Army soldiers’ camp may have looked like. It’s all part of the museum’s outdoor living history, along with a recreated Virginia farm is based on an actual homestead.

This historic interpreter will draft you into the Continental Army. Photo by Richard Varr

“The tastes, the smells, and even the ducks and chickens are the same breeds as in the 18th century,” says Interpretive Program Manager Homer Lanier. “We’re a hands-on museum.” Gunshots echo through the camp with flintlock musket demonstrations.

Victory Monument on the Yorktown Battlefield. Photo by Richard Varr

With 500 original artifacts including weapons, documents, period furniture and more, the main museum building details the entire American Revolution from the French and Indian War to the start of the new nation. Original portraits include England’s King George III, British General Charles Cornwallis, Founding Fathers and what’s believed to be the earliest painting of an enslaved African.

Pistols once owned by the Marquis de Lafayette. Photo by Richard Varr

The extensive musket and pistol collection includes the ornately-trimmed pistols once carried by the Marquis de Lafayette, the French military officer who came to the aid of the American rebels. There’s also an original copy of a 1776 Declaration of Independence printed in Boston from a Philadelphia copy.

Patrick Henry. Photo by Richard Varr

Inside the museum. Photo by Richard Varr

Short video clips highlight key American Revolution battles, but most impressive is the Battle of Yorktown presented in the museum’s 180-degree surround sound experiential theater. Seats shake with each cannon fire, with cannon balls seemingly flying directly towards you.

Redoubts on the Yorktown Battlefield. Photo by Richard Varr

Yorktown Battlefield. Photo by Richard Varr

A driving tour of the actual 1781 Yorktown Battlefield, part of Colonial National Historical Park, traces the British fortifications or redoubts. American and French forces had cornered the British with no escape against the York River. The battlefield’s Visitor Center houses General Washington’s original sleeping tent and an original British cannon that was dented by cannonball fire. “It’s called the Lafayette Cannon because when he came back to the United States and toured the East Coast, he saw that cannon, recognized it and got quite emotional,” explains Park Ranger Linda Williams.

Costumed Interpreter at the American Revolution Museum. Photo by Richard Varr




Colonial Williamsburg: George Washington Slept Here Too

Governor’s Palace. Photo by Richard Varr

Fife and Drum. Photo by Richard Varr

Interpreters with costumes representing 18th century British colonists welcome visitors along the very streets where George Washington and Thomas Jefferson once walked, making it easy to imagine what it was like in the mid 1700s. And some of the structures are the actual buildings from that time period with the same facades and wooden floors.

Costumed Interpreters. Photo by Richard Varr

Thanks to support from philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr. starting in the late 1920s, 88 restored original 18th and early 19th century buildings stand today, with others reconstructed on actual foundations. They include the Capitol with its upper and lower houses of the legislature, Governor’s Palace, Courthouse and original 1715 Bruxton Parish church.

Along Duke of Gloucester Street. Photo by Richard Varr

Raleigh Tavern. Photo by Richard Varr

Taverns were community centers of sorts as venues for lectures, plays, dining and private gambling and parties. I visited the reconstructed Raleigh Tavern and the original Wetherburn’s Tavern, which served as an informal town hall. Also original are the Wythe House where Jefferson studied law under owner George Wythe, and the maroon-tinted Peyton Randolph House, where you can see the very room where Washington, Jefferson and patriot Patrick Henry sat down for dinner. Other prominent buildings include the Courthouse where visitors can watch mock court cases. Cannon firing demonstrations take place outside the more than 300-year-old Public Magazine which has an impressive weapons collection.

Peyton Randolph House. Photo by Richard Varr

Silversmith shop. Photo by Richard Varr

Costumed interpreters also explain how tradesmen and women were a part of everyday 18th century life – blacksmiths, cabinet makers, tailors and printers. The wigmaker’s shop, for example, displays powdered white wigs and others made from human, horse, yak and goat hair. Silversmiths demonstrate how such colonial-era workshops made common everyday wares.

Palace Green with Governor’s Palace. Photo by Richard Varr

Along Palace Green. Photo by Richard Varr

What I found particularly informative was a tour led by Martha Dandridge Custis Washington – actually, a historic interpreter portraying Mrs. Washington around the mid 1700s when George Washington served as an elected representative. “We have a tendency especially with our Founding Fathers to cast them in marble, and we forget they’re real people,” says interpreter Katharine Pittman, dressed in a yellow colonial-style dress and a flat-crowned hat. “With Mrs. Washington, one of my goals is to make her human… and that she wasn’t this very stoic person you see in a portrait.”

Interpreter in the role of Mrs. Washington. Photo by Richard Varr





Seville: Lost in Santa Cruz, Finding Columbus and the Amazing Azulejos

Narrow streets in barrio Santa Cruz. Photo by Richard Varr

I always thought it was easy to get “lost” on the curving alleyways of Venice – between centuries old walls and walking on footbridges over snaking canals – UNTIL I visited Seville for four days and stayed in a hotel within the narrow and cobbled streets in the Santa Cruz barrio. It’s pretty much the same scenario but without the canals. I made mental notes of storefronts at corners to find my way, and after four days there, I still got lost.

Giralda. Photo Richard Varr

It didn’t take long, however, to learn the best route to the landmark Cathedral and Moorish Giralda Tower which dominate the skyline, adjacent to the horse and carriage-lined Plaza Virgin de los Reyes. I took the trek up Giralda – no steps involved, but instead a brisk walk up about three dozen walkways or ramps lining each side of the square tower until you reach the top for great city views (much easier than climbing typical European towers with maybe 100-200 winding steps, usually up narrow stonewalled passageways).

Columbus’ Tomb. Photo by Richard Varr

Columbus’ Tomb. Photo by Richard Varr

The Gothic Cathedral with its expansive nave dates back to the 12th century. The must see is the grand tomb of Christopher Columbus carried by four figures representing the kingdoms that made up Spain at the time of his voyages. But is it really his tomb? As the story goes, his remains bounced around between Seville, Santo Domingo and Havana, with both Spain and the Dominican Republic claiming they have his real bones. Recent DNA testing, however, has suggested at least some of the remains in Seville are indeed those of the great explorer.

Azulejos on bar facade. Photo by Richard Varr

Azulejos. Photo by Richard Varr

Azulejos. Photo by Richard Varr

What catches my eye seemingly on every street are the beautiful and artistically painted Andalusian ceramic tiles call azulejos, used in particular for street signs, wall decorations and as storefront signs as well. The technique for creating the colorful tiles seen all over Seville and other parts of Andalusia was first brought to the region by the Moors. The tiles add gleaming color to the Gothic balustrades and walls of palaces. Many sport Mudéjar-style geometric designs, while others grouped together create murals and billboards of images. And in the bohemian Triana neighborhood, stores and craft shops sell tiles and pottery with such colorful azulejos.

Azulejos store in Triana neighborhood. Photo by Richard Varr

Torre del Oro along the Guadalquivir River. Photo by Richard Varr

Torre del Oro. Photo by Richard Varr

Other important sights include the Real Alcázar or Royal Palace with its Mudéjar patios and halls. I walked along the Guadalquivir River with the rounded, landmark 13th century Torre del Oro (Gold Tower), now housing a small maritime museum. A tour of the bullfighting ring and museum known as the Plaza de Toros de la Maestranza, dating back to 1761, is well worth the visit – even if you don’t agree with the tradition. The expansive and heavily treed Parque Maria Luisa with its semi-circular Plaza de España lures crowds in warmer months for events, and is also where the city’s archeological and folk art museums are located.

Bullfighting Ring. Photo by Richard Varr

Azulejos. Photo by Richard Varr

But some of my best memories were evenings spent in lively tapas bars in Santa Cruz or attending Flamenco music and dancing concerts. Flamenco reveals the soul of Andalusia with its forceful artistic expression through foot-stomping dance accompanied with strumming Spanish guitars, highlighting both the happy and sad moments in life. The music style consists of the rhythm tapped out by wooden castanets clicked together by the fingers, as well as dramatic guitar rhythms.

Flamenco dancers and guitarist. Photo by Richard Varr

Andalusia’s Granada: Last Moorish Holdout and the Catholic Kings

Alhambra at nightfall as seen from the Nirador de San Nicolas. Photo by Richard Varr

There’s no better view of Granada’s imposing Alhambra – the fortified hilltop Moorish castle fronting the dramatic snow-capped peaks of Spain’s Sierra Nevada – than from the hilltop lookout known as Mirador de San Nicolás. The best views are at dusk, when the waning sunlight casts a golden glow on the 14th century palace, the last Moorish holdout in Europe.  And as the sun sets, the spotlights illuminate the palace walls. I enjoyed the view with a beer in one of the several restaurants and cafes lining the adjacent street, all with clear views of the Alhambra and across the valley. On the way up to Mirador de San Nicolás, you’ll walk up the central streets of the Albayzín Moorish Quarter with its Moroccan cafes and shops lining the hillside’s narrow streets.

Alhambra’s Courtyard of the Myrtles. Photo by Richard Varr

Islamic calligraphy in the Alhambra. Photo by Richard Varr

Granada was the last Moorish stronghold which fell to the Catholic Kings, Ferdinand and Isabella in 1492. Alhambra’s stone walls shelter several structures including a museum, a fort with ruins and dominant tower, and the elegant Moorish Royal Palace with its courtyards, pools and seemingly starlit domed ceilings, where it’s likely that Columbus pitched his voyage to the Orient by traveling west, but instead ended up discovering the New World.

Courtyard of the Lions with the circular lions fountain in the Alhambra. Photo by Richard Varr

Part of Palicio Nazaries in the Alhambra. Photo by Richard Varr

I would recommend spending at least a half day or more touring and walking the Alhambra’s grounds. Timed entry tickets that should be reserved a few months in advance are required to get into the Royal Palace; or, you can take a guided tour usually the day you arrive. I would also recommend purchasing the Granada Card for access into the Alhambra and other sights around the city. http://en.granadatur.com/page/5-que-incluye-la-granada-card-bono-turistico/

Plaza Nueva, central Granada. Photo by Richard Varr

View from the Alhambra. Photo by Richard Varr

What I liked most about Granada was in the town center – the Royal Chapel of Granada with its Isabelline Gothic-style architecture. This extension of the Cathedral holds the tombs of the Catholic Kings who brought Spain together after defeating the Moors. Grandiose marble tombs are the nave’s centerpieces, while a small stairwell leads to the actual underground crypt with a window to see their coffins inside. The chapel’s alter glitters with golden trim and features statues of the monarchs and Old Masters’ paintings, while Isabella’s crown and Ferdinand’s sword can be seen in glass display cases. The Cathedral, meanwhile, is vastly cavernous with Renaissance design and with Baroque-style side chapels. Unfortunately, taking photos inside the Royal Chapel is prohibited so none are posted here.